• CONTACT US if you have any problems registering for the forums.

North West The Grosvenor Museum and Roman Chester

Chester was an important Roman settlement and the museum has an excellent collection of Roman artefacts


The Grosvenor Museum is a flamboyant brick building built in 1885 to house the collections of the Chester Archaeological Society and the Chester Society of Natural Science, Literature and Art. It is almost too large to photograph.

P8030428.jpg


It is named after Hugh Lupus Grosvenor, Ist Duke of Westminster who owned most of the land in Chester and donated the land and paid part of the building costs.

At the rear of the building is 20 Castle Street, built around 1680 which has the shop, cafe and the period rooms.

The inside is as impressive as the exterior, with a grand entrance hall with a magnificent cantilever staircase and decorative tiled floor.

P8030564.jpg


As well as an impressive collection of Roman artefacts, there is also a display of silver, a natural history gallery and art gallery.

The Roman Galleries include the Newstead Gallery which covers life in Chester. The Stories in Stone Gallery has an impressive collection of Roman tombstones and altars.

P8030502.jpg


The Ridgeway Silver Galleryhas a wonderful collection of Chester silverware.

P8030559.jpg


The Natural History Gallery has a collection of stuffed birds and animals so beloved by Victorian collectors as well as rock samples. It now has a more modern approach with information about local ecology and conservation as well as children’s activities.

The Art Gallery has a collection of oil and water colour paintings by local artists.

P8030563.jpg


The Period Rooms in 20 Castle Street cover different periods from the Tudors to the early C20th.

P8030572.jpg


P8030565.jpg


The Honourable Incorporation of the King’s Arms Kitchen was a gentlemen’s club that was founded in 17790. It is thought it was set up in opposition to the Chester Incorporation as a result of a quarrel whether the major should be elected by the Aldermen or the Freemen of the City. It had its own Aldermen, Mayor, Sheriff, Recorded and Town Clerk. The Honourable Incorporation lapsed at the end of the C19th due to lack of interest. Their meeting room has been reconstructed in the Museum.

P8030560.jpg


Allow plenty of time for a visit as there is a lot to see. Admission is free, although donations are appreciated.

I have been wanting to visit for many years. The Roman Collections were the definite highlight of the visit, and I enjoyed the silver collection too. It is definitely worth adding to the list if visiting Chester.

Website

Cont...
 

Attachments

  • P8030427 copy.jpg
    P8030427 copy.jpg
    228.3 KB · Views: 1

Eleanor

1000+ Posts
Grosvenor Museum cont - the Newstead Gallery

A full size model of a Roman Legionary stands outside the gallery.

P8030427 copy.jpg


There is a model of Deva Roman Fort and also the amphitheatre, giving an impression of how large and important Deva was.

P8030475.jpg


P8030482.jpg


The street plan in the centre of Chester still reflects that of the Roman city and Roman masonry can still be seen in the base of the north and eastern sections of the city walls.


Buildings and building techniques

The Romans were great builders from massive forts, to Roman villas and smaller domestic buildings. As well as using natural materials like wood and stone, they also used man made substances like mortar, plaster and cement as well as kiln fired products like clay tiles and glass. Lead was mined in North Wales and was also used for water pipes and weights.

P8030485.jpg


P8030487 copy.jpg


The lead ingot was found to the east of the city centre.

P8030488.jpg


A small ‘shelter’ has been built to demonstrate Roman building techniques. The roof is made from Roman tiles found in Chester.

P8030445.jpg


There were three different types of roof tile. The tegula was a large flat tile with raised edges that formed the base of the roof. These were laid side by side in slightly overlapping rows. The inbrices were tapering curved tiles that were placed over the edges of the tegulae and packed with cement to make the joints water tight. The top ridge was covered by rounded ridge tiles. The ends of the join between the tegulae and ibrex was covered by decorative antefixes.

P8030490.jpg


P8030491.jpg


P8030464.jpg


Several different styles of floor covering were used depending on the status and purpose of the room. These varied from small tiles laid either flat or on end, fragments of broken tile embedded in cement tile or mosaics made from small coloured pieces of stone

P8030454.jpg


The Romans understood the use of lime in making mortar, concrete and wall plaster. Walls were often painted and the remains of painted wall plaster are often found during excavations.

P8030456.jpg


There are also fragments of window glass, which were usually blue green in colour. Glass was rare and windows were made of small panes of glass held together with lead or iron strips and fastenings.

P8030456.jpg


Rooms were heated by hot air, either by underfloor hypocausts or through hollow box shaped tiles built in the walls.

P8030460.jpg



The Romans brought piped water and underground sewage systems with them, using ceramic or lead water pipes

P8030462.jpg


Locks and keys were used to secure houses and belongings.

P8030472.jpg


Cont...
 

Eleanor

1000+ Posts
Grosvenor Museum cont - the Newstead Gallery

Daily Life


The gallery has many smaller artefacts found in Chester and the surrounding area illustrating life in Chester.


Many coins have been found dating from the early occupation through to the time the Romans left Britain.

P8030494.jpg


Pottery is commonly found from cheap, locally produced kitchenware to more expensive imported goods. There are also examples of glassware.

P8030433 copy.jpg


P8030473.jpg


The metal blades of knives and spoon bowls survive, unlike the handles which werre made of made of wood or bone.

P8030474.jpg


Personal hygiene was of utmost importance and the wealthy regularly visited the public baths. A strigil was used to scape grime from the skin. Oils and perfumes were massaged into the skin from small unguent vases.

P8030469.jpg


P8030471.jpg


There are examples of wooden pins which were used either as cloth or hair fasteners. These range from very simple those with elaborately carved heads.

P8030446.jpg


There are also examples of beads and rings. Rings were made from metal, bone, jet or even glass. Many had a gemstone which might be carved with religious or mythological scenes or motifs connected to the family.

P8030447.jpg


P8030451.jpg


Broaches were used to secure clothing and were made of a variety of materials and styles. The simplest was a long pin coiled into a spring at one end and fastened under a catch. More elaborate were shaped to resemble animals or birds.

P8030449.jpg


Legionaries wore a broad leather belt decorated with belt plates. This held the dagger and a protective apron of studded leather straps.

P8030435.jpg


There are also examples of a dagger blade a with wooden scabbard. This was worn on the left side and was used as a tool as well as a weapon.

P8030438.jpg


There is also a spearhead or the decorative tip of a standard. The standard were used as rallying points and signals in battle and were regarded as religious and superstitious talismans.

P8030442.jpg


Leather rarely survives, but two leather boot soles were found during excavations. These had open tops, much like a modern sandal but thick soles with metal studs. As well as making the boots last longer, they gave extra grip on slippery slippery surfaces.

P8030436.jpg


Also on display is a replica of a Roman military diploma found in 1812 . Only 13 have been discovered and this is the most complete. These were bronze tablets given to foreign soldiers after 25 year’s service, granting citizenship to the soldier and their children and also making their marriage legal. The original is in the British Museum.

P8030440.jpg


Normally writing was done with a wooden pen dipped in ink on Papyrus or thin sheets of wood. Iron or bronze stylus was used for writing on wax tablets. This had a sharp point at one end and a broad tip at the other to rub out mistakes. Tablets could be fastened together with leather strips and a wax seal attached for extra security.

P8030467.jpg


Cont...
 

How to Find Information

Search using the search button in the upper right. Search all forums or current forum by keyword or member. Advanced search gives you more options.

Filter forum threads using the filter pulldown above the threads. Filter by prefix, member, date. Or click on a thread title prefix to see all threads with that prefix.

Sponsors

Booking.com Hotels in Europe
AutoEurope.com Car Rentals

Recommended Travel Guides

52 Things to See and Do in Basilicata by Valerie Fortney
Italian Food & Life Rules by Ann Reavis
Italian Food Decoder App by Dana Facaros, Michael Pauls
How to Be an American in Italy by Jessica Scott Romano

Share this page

Top